The NDT Handbook Fourth Edition Vol 1

Nondestructive
Testing Handbook

fourth edition
Volume 1


Penetrant Testing

 

Nondestructive Testing Handbook, fourth edition: Penetrant Testing

At ASNT’s Spring Conference, Dallas, TX, March 2011, the MT/PT Committee of ASNT’s Technical and Education Council resolved that the working outline of the fourth edition handbook volume on liquid penetrant testing would be based on the table of contents of the NDT Handbook, third edition: Volume 2, Liquid Penetrant Testing. The editors have the discretion to modify the arrangement as need arises.

Persons willing to participate as reviewers are invited to contact the committee chair, David G. Moore (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, 505-844-7095; dgmoore@sandia.gov) or the handbook editor, Patrick Moore, ASNT 614-384-2484, pmoore@asnt.org).

Outline


  • Chapter 1. Introduction to Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 1. Nondestructive Testing
  • Part 2. Management of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 3. Personnel Selection and Qualification for Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 4. History of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 5. Units of Measure for Nondestructive Testing
  • Chapter 2. Principles of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 1. Elements of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 2. Liquid Penetrant Testing Processes
  • Part 3. Principles of Emulsification and Removal of Excess Surface Liquid Penetrant
  • Part 4. Principles of Application and Operation of Developers
  • Part 5. Inspection and Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 6. Field Techniques for Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 7. Maintenance of Liquid Penetrant Test Systems
  • Part 8. Health and Safety Precautions
  • Chapter 3. Characteristics of Liquid Penetrant and Processing Materials
  • Part 1. Liquid Properties of Liquid Penetrant
  • Part 2. Liquid Penetrant Removal
  • Part 3. Color of Liquid Penetrants
  • Part 4. Action of Developers
  • Part 5. Viewing Indications
  • Chapter 4. Care and Maintenance of Liquid Penetrant Test Materials
  • Part 1. Importance of Maintenance of Liquid Penetrant Materials
  • Part 2. Care and Maintenance of Liquid Penetrant Testing Materials in Storage
  • Part 3. Care and Maintenance of Liquid Penetrants in Use
  • Part 4. Care and Maintenance of Liquid Penetrant Emulsifiers and Removers in Use
  • Part 5. Care and Maintenance of Developers in Use
  • Part 6. Quality Control Tests for Liquid Penetrant Materials
  • Part 7. Quality Control Tests for Test Systems and Procedures
  • Chapter 5. Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 1. Inspector Functions and Terminology for Interpretation and Evaluation of Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 2. General Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 3. Processing Effects Influencing Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 4. Establishing Acceptance Standards for Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 5. Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications of Cracks
  • Part 6. Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications of Laminar Discontinuities
  • Part 7. Interpretation of Liquid Penetrant Indications of Porosity and Leaks
  • Part 8. Nonrelevant and False Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Part 9. Recognition Training of Liquid Penetrant Inspectors
  • Part 10. Specifications and Guides for Evaluation of Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Chapter 6. Surface Preparation and Cleaning
  • Part 1. Effects of Test Object Surface Contamination or Irregularities
  • Part 2. Procedures for Cleaning Surfaces before Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 3. Procedures for Postcleaning Test Objects after Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 4. Cleaning Requirements for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Testing in Aircraft Overhaul
  • Part 5. Influence of Mechanical Processing on Effectiveness of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Chapter 7. Liquid Penetrant Testing Equipment
  • Part 1. Processing Equipment for Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 2. Large Scale Automated Aerospace Liquid Penetrant Test Equipment
  • Part 3. Lighting for Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 4. Mechanized Scanning of Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Indications
  • Chapter 8. Comparators and Reference Panels
  • Part 1. Cracked Metal Comparator Blocks
  • Part 2. Surface Cracked Nickel Chrome Liquid Penetrant Test Panels
  • Part 3. Liquid Penetrant Comparators with Surface Indentations Simulating Discontinuities
  • Part 4. Test Panels for Measurement of Background Levels
  • Chapter 9. Liquid Penetrant Testing Crack Detection Capabilities and Reliability
  • Chapter 10. Liquid Penetrant System Chemistry and Effluent Waste
  • Part 1. Effects of Sulfur and Chlorine Impurities in Liquid Penetrant Materials
  • Part 2. Mechanisms of Stress Corrosion Cracking of Austenitic Stainless Steels
  • Part 3. Methods for Sulfur and Halogen Analysis of Liquid Penetrant Materials
  • Part 4. Techniques for Control of Pollution from Liquid Penetrant Waste
  • Part 5. Recycling of Water Effluent and Postemulsifiable Liquid Penetrant
  • Part 6. Clarification and Distillation Recovery of Waste Water
  • Chapter 11. Filtered Particle Testing
  • Part 1. Principles of Filtered Particle Testing
  • Part 2. Mechanisms of Operation of Filtered Particle Tests
  • Part 3. Design and Selection of Filtered Particle Test Media
  • Part 4. Filtered Particle Test Equipment
  • Part 5. Prewetting and Associated Phenomena
  • Part 6. Interpretation of Filtered Particle Test Indications
  • Part 7. Filtered Particle Testing of Carbon Matrix Components
  • Chapter 12. Liquid Penetrant Testing in Primary Metals Production
  • Part 1. Liquid Penetrant Testing in Foundries
  • Part 2. Liquid Penetrant Testing of Ferrous Metals
  • Part 3. Liquid Penetrant Testing in Light Alloy Foundries
  • Chapter 13. Electric Power Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 1. Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing in Electric and Power Plants
  • Part 2. Liquid Penetrant Testing of Pressure Components of Nuclear Power Plants
  • Part 3. Examples of Liquid Penetrant Indications of Discontinuities in Reactor Piping
  • Part 4. Personnel Performing Liquid Penetrant Testing in Power Plants
  • Chapter 14. Aerospace Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 1. Liquid Penetrant Testing Process Specifications in Aerospace Manufacturing
  • Part 2. Liquid Penetrant Performance without Developer
  • Part 3. Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing to Liquid Oxygen Systems
  • Part 4. Fluorescent Liquid Penetrants with Depth Sensing Capabilities
  • Part 5. Low Viscosity Liquid Penetrant Testing of Braze Bond Open Face Honeycomb Seals
  • Part 6. Ultrasonic Enhancement of Liquid Penetrant Indications of Cracks in Aerospace Structural Weldments
  • Part 7. Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing in Aircraft Fleet Maintenance
  • Part 8. Liquid Penetrant Testing of Radioisotope Heat Source Capsules for Deep Space Missions
  • Chapter 15. Various Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 1. Liquid Penetrant Testing of Metal Cutting Tools
  • Part 2. Liquid Penetrant Testing of Oil Field Down Hole Tubular Parts
  • Part 3. Marine Applications of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Part 4. Liquid Penetrant Testing of Automotive Parts
  • Part 5. Liquid Penetrant Testing of Plastic Materials
  • Chapter 16. Liquid Penetrant Testing Glossary