Personnel Training Publications: Liquid Penetrant Testing (PT), Classroom Training Book

1640

Each volume covers Level I and Level II material. A sampling of content:

  • Procedures and Techniques
  • Various Liquid Penetrant Testing Methods
  • Liquid Penetrant Testing Equipment
  • Materials for Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Interpretation and Evaluation of Indications
  • Quality Control of Test Materials
  • Procedures, Standards and Codes

  • Member Price: $21.50
  • Non-member Price: $28.60
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Additional Details

  • Item Number: 1640
  • Published: 2005-03-01
  • Pages: 91
  • ISBN: 1-57117-121-5

Acknowledgments

Foreword

Table of Contents

Level I Liquid Penetrant Testing

Chapter 1 – Introduction to Liquid Penetrant Testing

  • History
  • The Purpose of Liquid Penetrant Testing
  • Basic Principles
    • Commercially Available Liquid Penetrant Materials
  • Personnel Qualification and Certification
    • Employee Certification
      • Training
      • Experience
      • Examination
      • Certification
  • Safety Precautions
    • Fire
    • Skin Irritation
    • Air Pollution
    • Ultraviolet Radiation

Chapter 2 – Liquid Penetrant Processing

  • Procedures and Techniques
    • Preparation of Test Objects
    • Precleaning of Test Objects
  • Precleaning and Postcleaning Equipment
    • Solvent Cleaning
    • Detergent Cleaning
    • Vapor Degreasing
    • Steam Cleaning
    • Ultrasonic Cleaning
    • Rust and Surface Scale Removal
    • Paint Removal
    • Etching
    • Precleaning Processes to be Avoided
    • Precleaning and Postcleaning Materials
    • Drying Test Objects
  • Dwell Time
  • Application of Penetrant
  • Removal of Excess Surface Penetrant
    • Adequate Illumination
    • Water Rinse (Method A, B and D)
    • Manual Wipe (Method C)
    • Developer Application and Drying
      • Dry Powder
      • Water Soluble
      • Water Suspendible
      • Nonaqueous
    • Development Time
  • Interpretation and Evaluation
    • Interpretation
    • Evaluation
  • Indications
    • False Indications
    • Nonrelevant Indications
    • Relevant Indications
  • Categories of Relevant Indications
    • Continuous Linear
    • Intermittent Linear
    • Round
    • Diffused or Weak
  • Discontinuity Depth Determination
  • Typical Indications
  • Postcleaning
    • Postcleaning Materials

Chapter 3 – Liquid Penetrant Testing Methods

  • Standard Methods
    • Method Characteristics
      • Fluorescent or Visible
      • Solvent or Water Removable
    • Inline Penetrant Systems
    • Lipophilic Emulsification
    • Hydrophilic Emulsification

Chapter 4 – Liquid Penetrant Testing Equipment

  • Liquid Penetrant Testing Units
    • Stations
    • Auxiliary Equipment
      • Pumps
      • Sprayers and Applicators
      • Lights
      • Timers
      • Thermostats and Thermometers
      • Exhaust Fans
      • Refractometer
      • Hydrometer
  • Portable Equipment
    • Visible Dye Penetrant Kit
    • Fluorescent Penetrant Kit
  • Ultraviolet Radiation
    • Tubular Fluorescent Cold Discharge Sources
    • Testing in Subdued White Light
    • Light Meters
  • Materials for Liquid Penetrant Testing
    • Precleaning and Postcleaning Materials
    • Water Washable Penetrants
    • Postemulsification Penetrants
    • Emulsifiers
  • Solvent Removers
    • Dry Developer
    • Nonaqueous Wet Developer
    • Water Based Developers
    • Special Purpose Penetrant Materials
  • Precautions

Level II Liquid Penetrant Testing

Chapter 5 – Selection of Liquid Penetrant Testing Method

  • Selection
  • Advantages and Disadvantages
    • Portability
    • Postemulsification
    • Dry Developer
    • Wet Developers

Chapter 6 – Interpretation and Evaluation of Indications

  • Discontinuity Categories
    • Inherent Discontinuities
    • Processing Discontinuities
    • Service Discontinuities
  • Indications
    • Forming of Discontinuity Indications
    • Time for Indications to Appear
    • Persistence of Indications
    • Effects of Temperature
    • Lighting
    • Effects of Metal Smearing Operations
    • Sequence
    • Test Object Preparation
  • Factors Affecting Indications
    • Penetrant Used
    • Prior Processing
  • Crack Indications
    • Solidification Cracks
    • Processing Cracks
    • Service Cracks
  • Porosity Indications
  • Indications from Specific Material Forms
    • Forgings
    • Castings
    • Plate
    • Welds
    • Extrusions
  • Evaluation of Indications
    • False Indications
    • Relevant Indications
    • Nonrelevant Indications

Chapter 7 – Liquid Penetrant Process Control

  • Quality Control of Test Materials
    • Test Material Control Samples
  • Reference Blocks
    • System Monitor Panels
    • Aluminum Reference Blocks
      • Preparation for Use
      • Preparation for Reuse
    • Ceramic Reference Blocks
      • Preparation for Use
      • Usage
      • Cleaning After Use
    • Anodized and Plated Test Panels
      • Preparation for Use
      • Usage
    • Twin NiCr Sensitivity Panels
    • Stainless Steel Test Panels
      • Preparation for Use
    • Low Cycle Fatigue Blocks
  • Tests of Liquid Penetrant Materials
    • Sensitivity Comparison Test
    • Water Washability Test
    • Water Content Test
    • Fluorescent Luminance Test
  • Emulsifier Tests
  • Developer Tests
    • Dry Developer
    • Wet Developer

Chapter 8 – Test Procedures and Standards

  • Procedures, Standards and Codes
    • Acceptance Criteria
  • Basic Methods of Instruction
  • Conclusion

Glossary

Bibliography and Figure Sources

Index

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