Nondestructive Testing Handbook, Third Edition: Volume 4, Radiographic Testing (RT)

Product Number 144

Covers theory and applications of industrial radiography (RT). Topics include X-ray machines; isotope sources; personnel safety; standards and practices; computed tomography; image processing and image data analysis; electronic techniques (tomography, backscatter, digital imaging); high-energy, neutron and flash radiography; radiographic interpretation; radiography of castings and welds; aerospace, electric power, petroleum and chemical applications. 692 pages, more than 500 illustrations; 20-page glossary.

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Additional Details

  • Item Number: 0144
  • Published: 2002
  • Pages: 692
  • ISBN: 1-57117-045-6

Chapter 1. Introduction to Radiographic Testing

  • Part 1. Nondestructive Testing
  • Part 2. Management of Radiographic Testing
  • Part 3. History of Radiographic Testing
  • Part 4. Units of Measure for Radiographic Testing

Chapter 2. Radiation and Particle Physics

  • Part 1. Elementary Particles
  • Part 2. Properties of Radioactive Materials
  • Part 3. Electromagnetic Radiation

Chapter 3. Electronic Radiation Sources

  • Part 1. Physical Principles
  • Part 2. Basic Generator Construction
  • Part 3. Megavolt Radiography

Chapter 4. Isotope Radiation Sources for Gamma Radiography

  • Part 1. Selection of Radiographic Sources
  • Part 2. Source Handling Equipment

Chapter 5. Radiation Measurement

  • Part 1. Principles of Radiation Measurement
  • Part 2. Ionization Chambers and Proportional Counters
  • Part 3. Geiger-Müller Counters
  • Part 4. Scintillation Detectors
  • Part 5. Luminescent Dosimetry
  • Part 6. Neutron Detection
  • Part 7. Semiconductors
  • Part 8. Film Badges

Chapter 6. Radiation Safety

  • Part 1. Management of Radiation Safety
  • Part 2. Dose Definitions and Exposure Levels
  • Part 3. Radiation Protection Measurements
  • Part 4. Basic Exposure Control
  • Part 5. Shielding
  • Part 6. Neutron Radiographic Safety

Chapter 7. Principles of Film Radiography

  • Part 1. Film Exposure
  • Part 2. Absorption and Scattering
  • Part 3. Radiographic Screen
  • Part 4. Industrial X-Ray Films
  • Part 5. Radiographic Image Quality and Detail Visibility
  • Part 6. Film Handling and Storage
  • Part 7. Film Digitization

Chapter 8. Radiographic Interpretation

  • Part 1. Fundamentals of Radiographic Interpretation
  • Part 2. Viewing in Radiographic Testing
  • Part 3. Densitometers
  • Part 4. Radiographic Interpretation Reporting
  • Part 5. Radiographic Artifacts
  • Part 6. Discontinuity Indications

Chapter 9. Radiographic Film Development

  • Part 1. Radiographic Latent Image
  • Part 2. Chemistry of Film Radiography
  • Part 3. Darkroom
  • Part 4. Processing Technique
  • Part 5. Silver Recovery

Chapter 10. Radioscopy

  • Part 1. Fundamentals of Radioscopic Imaging
  • Part 2. Light Conversion
  • Part 3. Image Quality
  • Part 4. Imaging Systems
  • Part 5. Cameras
  • Part 6. Viewing and Recording
  • Part 7. System Considerations

Chapter 11. Digital Radiographic Imaging

  • Part 1. Overview of Digital Imaging
  • Part 2. Principles of Digital X-Ray Detectors
  • Part 3. Image Contrast and Signal Statistics
  • Part 4. X-Ray Detector Technology

Chapter 12. Computed Tomography

  • Part 1. Introduction to Computed Tomography
  • Part 2. Laminography
  • Part 3. Principles of Computed Tomography
  • Part 4. Resolution and Contrast
  • Part 5. Computed Tomographic Systems
  • Part 6. Applications of Computed Tomography
  • Part 7. Reference Standards for Computed Tomography

Chapter 13. Image Data Analysis

  • Part 1. Fundamental Properties of Digital Images and Processing Schemes
  • Part 2. Image Analysis Techniques and Radiographic Tests
  • Part 3. Automated Testing Techniques

Chapter 14. Backscatter Imaging

  • Part 1. Physical Principles
  • Part 2. Backscatter Imaging Techniques
  • Part 3. Reconstruction and Image Processing Techniques
  • Part 4. Applications of Backscatter Imaging

Chapter 15. Special Radiographic Techniques

  • Part 1. Microfocus Radiographic Testing
  • Part 2. Flash Radiography
  • Part 3. Reversed Geometry Radiography with Scanning Source
  • Part 4. Stereo Radiography
  • Part 5. X-Ray Diffraction and X-Ray Fluorescence

Chapter 16. Neutron Radiography

  • Part 1. Applications of Neutron Radiography
  • Part 2. Static Radiography with Thermal Neutrons
  • Part 3. Special Techniques of Neutron Radiography

Chapter 17. Radiographic Testing of Metal Castings

  • Part 1. Introduction to Radiographic Testing of Metal Castings
  • Part 2. General Radiographic Techniques for Metal Castings
  • Part 3. Radiographic Indications for Metal Castings
  • Part 4. Radiographic Testing and Process Scheduling
  • Part 5. Problems in Radiographic Testing of Metal Castings

Chapter 18. Radiographic Testing of Welds

  • Part 1. Introduction to Radiographic Testing of Welds
  • Part 2. Weld Design
  • Part 3. Discontinuities in Welds
  • Part 4. Technique Development
  • Part 5. Standards and Specifications for Radiographic Testing of Welds
  • Part 6. Radiography of Weld Discontinuities
  • Part 7. In-Process Radioscopy of Arc Welding
  • Part 8. False Indications in Radiographs of Aluminum Alloy Welds

Chapter 19. Radiographic Testing in Utility, Petroleum and Chemical Industries

  • Part 1. Overview
  • Part 2. Pipe and Tubing Applications
  • Part 3. Vessel and Component Applications
  • Part 4. Nuclear Fuel Applications
  • Part 5. Other Uses for Radiographic Testing

Chapter 20. Aerospace Applications of Radiographic Testing

  • Part 1. Film Radiography of Aviation Components
  • Part 2. Radiographic Testing of Space Flight Components
  • Part 3. Techniques for Advanced Materials

Chapter 21. Other Applications of Radiographic Testing

  • Part 1. Radiation Gaging of Density or Thickness
  • Part 2. Radioscopy of Electronics
  • Part 3. Radiographic Testing of Consumer Goods
  • Part 4. Radiographic Testing in Security Systems
  • Part 5. Infrastructure Applications of Radiographic Testing
  • Part 6. Radiographic Testing in Conservation of Historic Buildings and Museum Objects

Chapter 22. Attenuation Coefficients

  • Part 1. Introduction to Attenuation Coefficients
  • Part 2. Attenuation Coefficient Tables

Chapter 23. Radiographic Testing Glossary

Index

Figure Sources


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